What is Dermatology?
Dermatology is the branch of science that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of
diseases of the skin, hair and nails. It involves the study, research and diagnosis of normal and
What is meant by dermatologists?
A dermatologist is the medical and surgical expert which deals with treatment of the diseases of
skin. A dermatologist should be consulted if there is any significant problem with the skin.
Role of Dermatologists
The trained and experienced dermatologists usually deal with checking up the patient in public
hospitals and private clinics, acts as a consultant to other specialists or also provide their
consultation to the customers and delving into clinical or basic research.
Their study should include the mastery in basic sciences including microbiology, pathology,
biochemistry, physics, physiology and endocrinology. They need to be informative about other
medical conditions and other medical specialties as well due to their consultation work and also
the skin problem is generally associated with internal conditions. So the dermatologists should
know about what the internal conditions are so as to provide the treatment accordingly.
There are many situations in which the dermatologists perform the surgery part. They are
- To prevent and provide early control of disease
- To improve skin’s appearance by removing various skin problems such as growths, discolorations or damage caused to skin by sunlight, ageing or disease.
- To establish a definite diagnosis
Common Skin disorders
The skin is largest and visible organ of human body. It acts as a barrier against any injury to the
internal organ and any kind of bacterial disease. But in the entire period of life time, one or the
other person must have suffered from the skin disease be it infants, children, teenagers, adults
The common skin disorders are:
- Skin cancer
- Fungal infections
- Hand dermatitis
- Cold sores
The above mentioned skin disorders could be generally categorized under two dermatology.
They are explained as below:
Cosmetic dermatology: This type of dermatology includes the treatment of various skin
disorders such as wrinkles, creepy skin, razor bumps etc. These are all the issues which arise
with skin either with ageing or due to some other facial concerns. They could be treated with the
help of following methods:
Cosmetic dermatology Non-surgical treatments:–
- Laser treatment
- Chemical peel
- Injectable fillers
- Botox and dysport
- Lip augmentation
- Non-surgical nose job
- Non-surgical facelift
- Acne treatment
- Acne scar removal
- Vein treatment
- Scar removal
- Skin tightening
Cosmetic dermatology Surgical procedures:-
- Mole removal
- Mohs surgery (reconstruction)
- Hair transplant
- Eyelid surgery
Medical Dermatology: This type of dermatology deals with the treatment of skin problems which
cause a very serious harm to the skin and can even cause the person to die due to the disease.
They can be fatal diseases and connects to the internal skin conditions.
The surgery is done by dermatologists for the various conditions which are described below:
- Rosacea: Rosacea is a common chronic skin condition characterized by many symptoms
that may include facial redness/swelling, skin bumps, visible tiny blood vessels, and eye
redness. Some common triggers that may cause flare-ups of rosacea include, but are not
limited to, eating hot/spicy foods, drinking hot drinks, drinking alcohol, extremes of
temperature, sun exposure, and stress. Depending on the severity of this condition,
treatment is composed of gels, creams, lotions, and oral medications. To avoid flares and
control symptoms, patients should use daily sunscreen and sun protection, avoid triggers,
refrain from using irritating products on your face, and wash skin with a gentle cleanser.
- Eczema: Eczema (also known as atopic dermatitis) generally starts in childhood, but it
can also present later in life. Eczema presents as an itchy red rash, most often on the
arms, legs, and trunk. There is no definitive cause of eczema, but we know that it is most
likely a due to a disruption in the skin's ability to hold moisture and maintain a healthy
skin barrier. There are many targeted treatment for eczema, including topical anti-
inflammatories, medical-grade ultraviolet therapy, and oral medications
- Psoriasis: Psoriasis is an autoimmune, genetic condition caused by inflammation of the
skin, as well as other organs. Most commonly, psoriasis presents as thick, silvery, scaly
plaques on the elbow, knees, scalp, and trunk – although the condition can affect any area
of the skin. Psoriasis is associated with arthritis, known as psoriatic arthritis, in
approximately 30 percent of patients. Other associated conditions include heart disease,
diabetes and insulin resistance, obesity, metabolic syndrome, depression, and alcoholism.
Treatment of psoriasis includes topical agents (e.g., creams, ointments, lotions, foams,
and sprays), light therapy, and oral and biologic injectable (shots) medications. Biologics
are the latest class of medication available to treat psoriasis. These medications not only
treat the skin, but these also help with joint pain and in some studies have been shown to
decrease the risk of cardiovascular (heart and vessel) disease in psoriasis patients.
- Skin Cancer: With age, natural wear, and constant sun exposure, the skin is subject to
developing areas of discoloration. While generally harmless and mostly treated for
cosmetic purposes, certain patches of discoloration may point toward possible
development of skin cancer. Actinic keratosis, the most common condition treated by
dermatologists in the adult population, a precancerous skin condition.
- Vitiligo: It is a skin condition that involves complete loss of pigment. Typically, the area
of skin affected is small, but it can increase over time. Vitiligo can affect any race, but it
is more noticeable in patients with darker skin. There is currently no cure for vitiligo, but
common therapies include narrow-band UVB phototherapy and excimer laser.
The dermatologists are the doctors only who deal with the treatment of skin. The
dermatology field is very vast dealing with many types of skin problems. With the increasing
pollution and other harmful environmental effects, the skin problems are arising day by day
and so the need for dermatologists is increasing. Maintaining a good and healthy
environment would definitely help to avoid these problems
We provide natural looking and long lasting results with all the safety measures. We use good quality of equipment for your skin and out primary motto is the comfort of our patient. Dr. Vishal Chugh is highly specialized in Dermatology with eight years of experience.
A complete packet providing all skin solutions, Dr. Vishal Chugh, a qualified and board certified
dermatologist in Jaipur is a Gold medalist in MBBS and MD with an experience of 8 years in
dermatology. His specialization fields are dermatology, cosmetology and hair transplantation.
He has been awarded with IADVL Training fellowship in Dermatosurgery at AIIMS along with
7 other awards and fellowships at national and international level. He treats his patients very
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